This report primarily focuses on consumption poverty and inequality in Ghana. It also examines some poverty-related issues such as asset ownership and access to services and human development. The report also analyzes macroeconomic developments in the country since 2005, focusing on growth in gross domestic product (GDP), trends in inflation, balance of payments, and public expenditures.
In the previous survey in 2012/13, a new consumption basket was derived and this produced new poverty lines and a new set of items to be included in the welfare measurement. A review of this basket reveals that there is no drastic change in the consumption pattern, and therefore the basket was maintained for the current survey. This report therefore examines the pattern of poverty in Ghana since 2005 based on the 2012/13 basket.
The Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) wishes to acknowledge the contribution of the Government of Ghana, the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), the Dutch Government and the World Bank, who provided both technical and financial support toward the successful implementation of the GLSS7 project.
The GSS acknowledges the invaluable contribution of Anthony Amuzu, Abena Osei-Akoto, Jacqueline Anum, Anthony Krakah, Francis Bright Mensah, John Foster Agyaho, and Victoria Anim-Ansah, all from the GSS, and the support of Tomomi Tanaka, Rose Mungai, Kwadwo Opoku, Kathleen Beegle, Ryoko Sato and Ayago Esmubancha Wambile (all staff of the World Bank) to produce this report under the overall guidance and supervision of Baah Wadieh, the Acting Government Statistician. We also appreciate the contribution of Professor Abena Daagye Oduro and Dr. Louis Boakye-Yiadom whose reviews and comments as external reviewers have contributed to enriching this report.